Home of Healthy Imported Koi                                                                                          
    Medicines, Aids and Good Bacteria's For Starting the Cycle
About Meds - Medicines should be used only as a last resort. (Prevention is always the best cure) You will find hundreds advertised on the internet. Most of these quick cures don't work, can be harmful and are a waste of money. Shop wisely you can often save a lot of money on the same medicine by looking for it at more than one source. Below is a list of medicines, Aids and Bacteria's that we like.The list in put out for information only and not a endorsement of any product. If you use this information or any of the medicine you do so at your own risk. 

Symbol means if used improperly it can harm or kill your fish


Medicine- Uses and Info
Malachite Green
(Zinc Free) Powder 100% 
Uses: Ich, fungus, oodinium (velvet), mouth fungus. May also be used in combination with  Formaldehyde solutions. Good preventative after large water changes.
Dosage: 28.4 grams (1 oz) makes 1 gallon. After mixing, use 1 drop per gallon.1oz per 720 Gallons.
Malachite Green Liquid
(Nox Ich, Quick Cure etc.)
Uses: Ich, fungus, oodinium (velvet), mouth fungus. May also be used in combination with  Formaldehyde solutions 
Dosage:  Use 1 drop per gallon, 1oz per 720 Gallons
Formalin and Malachite Green 
(Proform-C, Forma-Green, 
Paracide Green etc.)
Combination of the two medications (Formaldehyde and Malachite Green). This will ensure that ich, external fungicide, external protozoacide and ectoparasites, mongenia, hirudinea and crustacea are eliminated. Can also be used as a dip or for longer baths according to parts per million. 
Dosage:16oz (treats 4,000 gallons) 1 Gal (treats 32.000 gallons)
Formalin Cannot be used with or in the presents of salt in the water.
(For Flukes)
Uses: Dewormer for Nematode and Cestode (internal parasites). The active ingredients are Closantel (5mg/ml) and Mebendazole (75mg/ml).  Will not harm the biological filter. Very safe for use on koi fish. Not recommended for use on any fish other than koi (or long-fin koi) When used in pond water at 3% salt solution, Supaverm will kill 100% of flukes within 24 hours. 
Dosage: (1 cc) per 100 US gallons Re-dose in 3 Days.
Uses: Treats all types of worms except for flukes a one time treatment. Very safe to use.
Dosage: 1/2 cup per 480 Gals
Praziquantel ( “Prazi” )
Uses: ‘Prazi’ is extremely effective for the treatment of external flukes, liver flukes, internal parasites and internal worms in koi, goldfish and tropical fish. ‘Prazi’ is a one time treatment and because it is so gentle, it does NOT require any water changes after treatment and you do NOT need to bypass your biofilter. Prazi also will work with any amount of salt in the pond and it is not water temperature dependant.
Dosage: 50 grams treats 5110 gallons
Uses: Effective for the treatment of Bacterial Gill Diseases that arise from stresses due to overcrowding, over feeding, poor nutrition or deteriorating water chemistry. 
Dosage: 100g treats 3300 gallons.
Potassium Permanganate (PP)
Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) is a dark purple crystals or granules with a metallic luster. It is the most effective way to treat and quarantine your koi. It kills exposed pathogenic bacteria, most parasites, most fluke, fungal infections, algae, fungi (mold) and organic matter.  Also effective against Gill and Body Fluke, Costia, Chilodonella and Trichodina. Potassium Permanganate also oxidizes organics in the pond, leaving the water cleaner and fresher than before treatment. However, it is also the most dangerous if not used correctly.
See Instructions Below
Salt - 98-99.5% pure 
sold as rock or softner salt usually in 40lb blue bags with no additives
Uses: Therapeutic to help fish de-stress, it also kills parasites and algae

1) It does not harm the majority of fish species.
2) It does not push sick fish "over the edge."
3) It eliminates, QUICKLY, 7 of 9 parasites.
4) It does not get bound out of the system by organics or sunlight.
5) It does not pose a health risk to humans contacting it.
7) It WON'T harm your filter!
See Chart Below
Aids Info
Debride Ointment
Used to treat Ulcer wounds, applied at least twice directly to wound. Debride ointment is a petroleum based medication containing anti-inflammatories and topical anesthetics. 
Salt Paste
(Non-Iodine Table Salt)
Clears bruises and heals Ulcers - Mix enough salt with a small amount of water to make a paste (as thick as Syrup) and brush directly on wound.
Stress Coat
* Instantly removes chlorine & breaks the chloramine bond
* Contains Aloe Vera to help heal wounds, Ammonia burns & torn fins
* Use whenever setting up a pond, adding fish, or changing pond water
* Acts as a liquid bandage to prevent the loss of essential electrolytes
Dosage: 32 oz Treats 3840 gallons - 1 gallon Treats 15,360 gallons
"Melaleuca" Tea Tree
Indications are: Antibacterial Remedy, Rapidly Repairs Damaged Fins, Heals Open Wounds And Ulcers, Treats Fin And Tail Rot, Treats Eye Cloud, and Stops mouth fungus. Works best when used in conjunction with Pima Fix. Due to cost it's best used in quarantine tanks.
Dosage: 1 oz per 300 Gallons
(Clorox etc.)
Pond Sterilizer and Disinfectant (This will kill all Bacteria and algae) 
Instructions: Remove all Fish and Plants and by-pass or Shut down your filter. 
Dosage: apply 1 Gallon for every 1000 Gallons of pond water, let stand for 24 Hours. After 24 Hours drain and change ALL water, re-fill pond with clean water and add the appropriate amount of Dechlorinator - reintroduce fish and start filter. To Disinfect Plants add 2 Cups of bleach to 5 Gallons of water. Dip plants for 2 minutes rinse all the plants (and their parts) in a tray of dechlorinated water.
Sodium Thiosulfate Crystals
(Also sold as liquid dechlorinators)
Uses: Dechlorinates water 
Dosage: Mix 4 ounces of crystals per 1 gallon of water. Then use 1 drop per gallon, 1oz per 720 Gallons
Green Clean
(Sodium Carbonate Peroxhydrate
Sodium Carbonate)
Algaecide that can be used in conjunction with beneficial bacteria products.
Dosage: 1 1/2 Tablespoons per 1000 gals or shutdown water flow and sprinkle directly on waterfall, rocks and etc., let stand for a half hour to remove string algae. Follow instructions carefully.
Tricide Neo Dip
Tricide Neo Dip is excellent. Nothing I have seen comes close to this breakthrough in the treatment of Ulcer disease, Fin Rot, or especially Mouth Rot when injections are not feasible. You'd simply mix up the crystals in distilled water, fill a one gallon tub or a five gallon tub depending upon what you've bought, aerate it, and then dip the fish in there for about four to five minutes. 
Bacteria Info
Koizyme - Lymnozyme
A biological formula of naturally occurring bacteria, enzymes and micro nutrients. When introduced into pond water that is infected with Aeromonas, Pseudomonas or any gram negative or gram positive bacteria, the bacteria and enzymes in Koizyme and Lymnozyme competes with these pathogens for the nutrients in the pond water thus starving Aeromonas and Pseudomonas. The bacteria counts (CFU's) of these pathogens will then be reduced to such a low level that they will not have an affect on our fish.
Dosage: 1Quart (32oz) treats 48,000 to 96,000 gallons; Pint (16oz) treat 24,000 to 48,000 gallons; and and 8oz. treats 12,000 to 24,000 gallons. 
Treat: at spring startup- full dose every other day for 3 times, than once a week for two weeks, then once a month maintenance.
Because 80% of all fish problems are due to these bacteria's this product is a must to have.
Microbe-Lift PL
There are several formulas depending on the season and use. All jump start the biological process essential to healthy fish. Specially formulated for decorative fish ponds & lagoons. Continued biological activity in water temperatures under 55°. Creates a healthy environment for your pond, promoting faster fish growth. Reduces ammonia & nitrogen levels. Significantly reduces noxious odors caused by dead algae, fish fecal matter, & urine. Reduces hydrogen sulfide, which creates strong, offensive odors. Reduces biological oxygen demand (B.O.D.) Reduces buildup of bird droppings, fish feed, & dead leaves. 
Contains nitrifiers, including both nitrosomonas and nitrobacter species. 
Contains photosynthetic bacteria which reduces cloudy water by promoting flocculation & settling of organic & inorganic particles.
Dosage: 1 oz per 300-800 gals. Treat on a monthly or bi monthly basis.
Super Bugs 
Very good, high quantity of good bacteria present in this formula. Use on a regular basis to keep your biological filter running efficiently. 
Dosage: 4 - 8 oz. per 1000 gals used on a monthly basis.
Aqua Gold
Are actual living bacteria and enzymes in concentrated form, which are activated upon its introduction into water. These bacteria contribute to the production of the nitrogen cycle, which is so crucial in all aquarium systems. This material gives its user the option of increasing the activity of an already established filter, or reactivating a filter damaged by medications, and of course the starting up of new systems. Great for under gravel or outside power filters. Clears green water in ponds and tanks. Helps prevent disease by improving water quality. 
Dosage: 7.5 grams per 1000 gallons of water. Double dose lasts 4 to 6 months under 50 degrees Fahrenheit. 1 packet (treats 2000 gal) 1 pound (treats approx. 90,000 gal.) 
Bio World Products
Used for prevention and control of algae
 * BioWorld microbes out compete the algae for the nutrients in the water
    * BioWorld microbes produce enzymes to break down the cell wall of the algae
* BioWorld microbes digest organic debris which may float to the surface
Start using this product at the very beginning of your spring startup for best results.
Eutro-Clear Pond Treatment
Used for keeping a balanced eco system

* Removes heavy nutrient loading from ponds
* Reduces the cause of algae and algae blooms and blue green algae
* Digests excess organic matter in ponds, canals and fountains
* Reduces sludge, organic sediment and fecal coliform
* Enhanced conditions for aquatic life
* Helps eliminate foul odors
* Reduces ammonia
* Effective in maintaining better pond and lake water quality
* It contains no toxic chemical ingredients
* Brings pond water back into ecological equilibrium
* Is an organic alternative to harmful or chemical quick fixes

Using Potassium Permanganate
Note: Potassium Permanganate should only be used with full supervision and heavy aeration
 Potassium Permanganate is a three or four  treatment regiment. Three treatments under normal conditions or four treatments if your pond is high in organic matter. The trick to having success with (PP) is to keep it working long enough in your pond to do the job. In other words keeping the water in your pond Purple to Pink in color for a minimum of 4 hours (12 hours maximum). (This amount of time can only be achieved if your organic load is low. It can't help your fish if the (PP) is spending all it's energy killing algae.) The energy put out by the (PP) is used up when your pond water turns brown or tea colored. This is also when the ponds oxygen level is reduced. Be sure and aerate your pond vigorously during treatment to help keep up oxygen content. You must change 25% of the water or neutralize the (PP) with Hydrogen Peroxide (3% USP) or Dechlorinator and shut down your biological filter during treatment so as not to kill off the good bacteria essential for good water quality.

Three Day Treatment - Treat day 1, day 3 and day 5. 
Four Day Treatment - Treat day 1, day 2, day 4 and day 6.

One gram per one hundred gallons or one level teaspoonful per six hundred gallons. When the potassium turns amber or brown, change 25% of the water. During a emergency (Oxygen depletion) it can be neutralized with either a water change or Hydrogen Peroxide (3% USP) Sold in any drug store. Use one quart of Hydrogen Peroxide per five thousand gallons of pond water. The Peroxide won't harm your fish. It will neutralize the (PP) in a few minutes and clear your water within a hour. Note: The Peroxide will stay in your water for a few days so you will have to wait a few extra days before re-dosing with (PP) as the Peroxide in the water will immediately neutralize the (PP).

Salting Table
This table shows approximate measurements for dosage, salt test kits or digital meters are recommended.
Notes: You should raise your ponds salt percentage slowly,
add only enough to bring the level up 1% per Day
Dissolve salt prior to addition to the pond or tank to avoid salt burns

Amount to Use
Salt Percentage
1 lb. Salt 
 100 gallons Pond Water 
2 lb. Salt 
 100 gallons Pond Water 
Algae begins to die (May harm some plants)
2.5 lb. Salt 
 100 gallons Pond Water 
Detoxify nitrite, good tonic, kills some parasites
4 lb. Salt 
 100 gallons Pond Water 
Helps control parasites in pond 2-4 week treatment 
8 lb. Salt 
 100 gallons Pond Water 
Treats ulcers, 4 week treatment 
1 lb. Salt 
5 gallons Pond Water 
Kills parasites in fish, use as a separate bath-short duration 30 Minutes with supervision 
3 lb. Salt 
5 gallons Pond Water 
10-15 minutes with supervision